Friday, April 19, 2024

PLN operates first hydrogen refuelling station for vehicles

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Gusty da Costa

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State electricity company PT PLN inaugurated Indonesia’s first Hydrogen Refueling Station (HRS) or hydrogen vehicle filling station located in Senayan, Jakarta on Wednesday, February 21, 2024.

Present at the inauguration ceremony were Acting Director General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (EBTKE) at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Jisman P. Hutajulu, Deputy for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources at the National Development Planning Agency Vivi Yulaswati, Member of Commission VII of the House of Representatives and Hydrogen Ambassador Dyah Roro Esti, PLN President Director Darmawan Prasodjo, Head of the Just Energy Transition Partnership Secretariat Edo Mahendra, National Research and Innovation Agency Principal Expert Researcher Eniya Listiani Dewi, Mayor of South Jakarta Munjirin, PLN Indonesia Power President Director Edwin Nugraha Putra, and PLN Board of Directors.

Acting Director General of EBTKE at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Jisman P. Hutajulu explained that the HRS is proof of Indonesia’s commitment to energy transition. The use of hydrogen as an alternative energy for the transport sector can significantly reduce carbon emissions. As is known, the transport sector contributes 44 percent of the total carbon emissions in Indonesia.

“Hydrogen plays a strategic role in the energy transition. Especially in the transport sector, hydrogen-based vehicles have no emissions. Hydrogen development is proof of Indonesia’s commitment to expanding access to accessible and clean technology,” Jisman said in a statement on February 22, 2024.

Jisman praised PLN in the inauguration of the first HRS in Indonesia, saying that HRS is a real work in supporting the energy transition in Indonesia.

PLN President Director Darmawan Prasodjo explained that the development of green transport technology is growing very fast, from electric vehicles to hydrogen vehicles.

“We continue to innovate in order to continue to be a pioneer in supporting green transformation in the transport sector end to end,” Darmawan said.

Support for transformation in the transport sector begins with building an electric vehicle ecosystem, ranging from Electric Vehicle Digital Services, home charging services, to Public Electric Vehicle Charging Stations.

“It turns out that there is another technology, namely green hydrogen using fuel cells and PLN is ready to support the transformation of green transportation, both EV and hydrogen,” Darmawan said.

Hydrogen for HRS Senayan is supplied from 22 GHPs owned by PLN. In addition to 21 existing GHPs, PLN has currently added 1 GHP at Kamojang PLTP. The total GHP is capable of producing 203 tons/year of green hydrogen. Seventy-five tons of hydrogen is used for the operational needs of the plant, while the other 128 tons are used to support hydrogen vehicles.

“The total green hydrogen production capacity can be used for 438 cars in a year, assuming each car travels 100 km/day,” Darmawan explained.

In terms of operational costs, hydrogen vehicles are also cheaper than petrol or electric vehicles. With a fuel price of 83 US cent/liter, the operational cost of an electric vehicle per 1 km is Rp1,300. While electric vehicles, with the cost of charging at Public Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (SPKLU) with Ultra Fast Charging per kWh of Rp3,700, the operational cost per 1 km is Rp 550. While the price of hydrogen from PLN’s Green Hydrogen Plant is currently at Rp2.3/ kg, then the operational cost per 1 km is Rp270.

The use of hydrogen as clean fuel can also save fuel imports up to 1.59 million liters per year and can reduce emissions up to 4.15 million tons of CO2 per year.

Darmawan hopes that the HRS will become a center of inspiration for related parties to collaborate in creating a broader clean energy ecosystem.

“With its various potentials, Indonesia can become a leader in the application of new sustainable energy technologies, making the country an example for other countries in the world,” he said.

Gusty da Costa

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Editor

 

Interview

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